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Honour - Dardanelles 1915-16


Date - 19-Feb-1915/08-Jan-1916
Type - Combined Operations
Conflict - World War 1; 1914-18

 
Description The action took place off and in the entrance to the Dardanelles Strait. The Strait separates European Turkey from Asian Turkey and is the exit from the Sea of Marmara to the Mediterranean Sea.

The Royal Navy was to land an amphibious force on the Dardanelles Peninsula, on the European side of the Strait, silence Turkish forts on the Asian entrance to the Strait. Use Capital ships to force the Strait to the Sea of Marmara and Constantinople while supporting the landings on the peninsula.

Unfortunately intelligence had not shown that the Turks had mined the Strait.

Naval units involved were older and 2nd class ships not forming part of the Grand Fleet, which was held ready to engage the German High Seas Fleet in the North Sea.

Amphibious forces were landed on the point of the Dardanelles and beaches on the Mediterranean side of the peninsula, while naval Capital ships engaged but did not silence Turkish forts on the Asian entrance to the Strait.

Ships entered the Strait and the Pre-Dreadnought battleships Ocean and Irresistible  struck mines and sank. The battlecruiser Inflexible struck a mine and withdrew to Malta.

The rest of the force withdrew from the Strait.

Due to the failure to silence the Turkish Asian forts and force the Strait, there was no naval gunfire support to the Asian side of the peninsula. The land forces were led by incompetent Generals who were not up to the task of leading forces on the western front.

As a result the land campaign degenerated into another costly  trench stalemate, with the Royal navy supporting it from the Mediterranean waters.

During the rest of the campaign the Navy suffered heavy losses.

The pre-dreadnought battleships Triumph and Majestic being sunk by German U-boats and Goliath sunk by Turkish torpedo boat. In addition Russell was mined and sunk off Malta.

 

 
 
HM Ships
Abercrombie 1915-16 Adamant 1915 Agamemnon 1915-16 Albion 1915 Amethyst 1915
Anemone 1915-16 Ark Royal 1915 Arno 1915-16 Aster 1915-16 Bacchante 1915-16
Basilisk 1915-16 Beagle 1915-16 Ben-My-Chree 1915-16 Blenheim 1915-16 Bulldog 1915-16
Canning 1915 Canopus 1915-16 Chatham 1915-16 Chelmer 1915-16 Colne 1915-16
Cornwall 1915 Cornwallis 1915 Dartmouth 1915 Doris 1915-16 Dublin 1915
Earle of Peterborough 
1915-16
Edgar 1915-16 Endymion 1915-16 Euryalus 1915 Exmouth 1915
Foresight 1915-16 Foxhound 1915 Fury 1915-16 Gazelle 1915-16 Glory 1915
Goliath 1915 Grafton 1915-16 Grampus 1915 Grasshopper 1915-16 Harpy 1915
Havelock 1915-16 Hector 1915-16 Heliotrope 1915-16 Hibernia 1915-16 Honeysuckle 1915-16
Humber 1915 Hussar 1915-16 Implacable 1915 Inflexible 1915 Irresistible 1915
Jed 1915-16 Jonquil 1915 Kennet 1915-16 Laforey 1915-16 Lawford 1915-16
London 1915 Lord Nelson 1915-16 Louis 1915 Lydiard 1915-16 Magnificent 1915
Majestic 1915 Manica 1915 Mars 1915-16 Minerva 1915 Mosquito 1915
Ocean 1915 Osiris II 1915-16 Peony 1915-16 Prince Edward 1915-16 Prince George 1915-16
Prince of Wales 1915 Queen 1915 Queen Elizabeth 1915 Queen Victoria 1915-16 Racoon 1915-16
Raglan 1915-16 Rattlesnake 1915-16 Renard 1915 Ribble 1915-16 River Clyde 1915
Roberts 1915-16 Russell 1915-16 Sapphire 1915 Scorpion 1915-16 Scourge 1915
Sir Thomas Picton 
1915-16
Staunch 1915-16 Swiftsure 1915-16 Talbot 1915-16 Theseus 1915-16
Triad 1915 Triumph 1915 Usk 1915-16 Venerable 1915 Vengeance 1915
Wear 1915-16 Welland 1915-16 Wolverine 1915-16    
         
Monitors
M15 (1915) M16 (1915-16) M17 (1915-16) M18 (1915) M19 (1915)
M21 (1915) M29 (1915-16) M31 (1915-16) M32 (1915-16) M33 (1915)
Submarines
AE2 (1915) B6 (1915) B11 (1915) E2 (1915) E7 (1915)
E11 (1915) E12 (1915) E14 (1915-16) E15 (1915) E20 (1915)
Torpedo Boats
064 (1915)        
 
This page last edited - 14 September, 2012.

Copyright Ian M King, except where otherwise indicated.