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Honour - ST. VINCENT 1780


Date - 16-January
Type - Fleet or Squadron Actions
Conflict - American War of Independence; 1775-83

 
Description The action began about 12 miles south of Cape Finisterre.

A British fleet of 22 ships-of-the-line plus 9 frigates, encountered a Spanish fleet of 11 ships-of-the-line plus 2 frigates. The British gave chase before a strong westerly wind and about 1600hrs the Spanish rear was engaged. An hour later the Spanish San Domingo (70) blew up with only 1 from her crew of 600 surviving.

The battle continued throughout the night and by daybreak 6 Spanish ships-of-the-line had been taken. The as the weather worsened 2 other Spanish ships were abandoned as they were in danger of running aground.

Only good seamanship allowed the British ships to escape from a dangerous lee shore.

The Spanish lost 5,000 casualties, 5 British ships were severely damaged and lost a total of 300 casualties.

 

 
 
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This page last edited - 25 July, 2012.

Copyright Ian M King, except where otherwise indicated.