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Honour - Walcheren 1944


Date - 01-November
Type - Fleet or Squadron Actions
Conflict - World War 2; 1939-45

 
Description The action took place as an amphibious assault to capture the Dutch Island of Walcheren, open the Scheldt and therefore allow the Port of Antwerp to be used by Allied forces.

Following successful landings in Normandy on D-Day, the Allied advance imposed increasing logistic and supply problems from the Mulberry Harbour at Arromanches together with several small ports captured during the landing and subsequent advance.

All major French and Belgian ports were still either in German hands or so damaged by the Germans as to be of no or only limited value for supply purposes.

The opening of Antwerp would ease the supply problems enormously.

The Germans had heavily fortified Walcheren Island and the Allied bombing strike force became fog bound and unable to soften up the German defences.

About 180 landing craft carried the assaulting marines and troops ashore. Naval support vessels sailed close inshore - receiving strong opposition from the German defences.

Nine vessels were sunk and 372 killed.

Heavy Naval Gunfire Support was provided by the battleship Warspite (15" guns), and the Monitors, Erebus (2 x 15" guns),  and Roberts (2 x 15" guns), plus the Captain Class (1942), destroyer HMS Kingsmill

 

 
 
HM Ships
 Erebus Kingsmill  Roberts  Warspite   
         
Minor Vessels
 ML146 ML 902       
 
This page last edited - 23 March, 2013.

Copyright Ian M King, except where otherwise indicated.